Septic Systems Athens and Metro Atlanta


How Do Septic Systems Work?

Septic Systems Athens GA; As you know each time you turn on a faucet, flush a toilet, or do a load of laundry, the water and waste travels out of the house and into the Septic Tank. Some of the waste sinks to the bottom and some of it floats. As more water goes into the Septic Systems, an equal amount gets pushed out to the Drain-field.

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From the first Septic Tanks until 1992 there was no real baffle installed in the tank to hold back the sludge from getting close to the outlet end of the tank. On these old style tanks when the water enters the tank, it stirs up the sludge and can push it out into the drain-field blocking the flow of water entering the Drain-field lines.

In 1992, installation of the baffle made a great improvement at keeping the sludge away from the outlet therefore the stirring affect has been kept to a minimum. This does not mean sludge cannot find its way to the outlet. Only regular Septic Tank pump outs help prevent sludge.

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Possible Causes:

  • Poor Soil Conditions
  • A septic system placed in unsuitable soil for the flow generated from a house.
  • Excessive Water Usage
  • A septic system designed too small for the house it serves or too small for the water generated from the house.
  • If sludge or scum is allowed to escape out of the septic tank and enter the drain-field, the pipe, rock, or sand may
    become clogged. If this happens the liquid will not be absorbed into the sand. This common problem is caused by a
    failure to have the septic tank regularly pumped out. It is also important to note that, over the normal operating life
    of a septic system, this clogging will naturally occur and can eventually degrade a system. Again, regular pump
    outs are the best preventative service that can be performed.
  • High Water Table and Septic System Failures
  • During wet or abnormally wet seasons, groundwater may rise into a drain-field and force sewage to the surface.
  • This is caused by an error in design or sometimes by a significant change in the surrounding landscape.
  • Roots and Clogging of Septic System Failures.
  • The roots of trees and bushes planted too close to the system can sometimes enter and block the pipes of the system.
  • Physical Damage to Septic System Components Causing Septic Failures.
  • Cars, Trucks or heavy equipment passing over ANY portion of the system can damage pipes or other portions of the septic system causing a malfunction.